Nosebleeds are a fairly common occurrence and the vast majority represent just a minor nuisance. They tend to be frightening because they can be profuse and dramatic but only rarely are they life-threatening. They can occur at any age but are most common under age 10 and over age 50. Nosebleeds can be divided into two types: anterior and posterior. Anterior epistaxis represents about 90% of nosebleeds and tend to be easier to manage. With an anterior nosebleed the blood will tend to come out the front of the nose. Bleeding that is more profuse and going down the back of the throat is more likely to be posterior. The nasal mucous membranes warm and humidify air as it passes through the nose. To accomplish this, the nose has a very rich vascular supply. There is a collection of blood vessels on the anterior septum called Kiesselbach’s plexus where the vast majority of nosebleeds occur. Often, there is no obvious cause for the bleeding and it may seem very random. Some factors that may cause bleeding inc ...

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