four-effective-treatments-for-childrens-allergiesNo parents want to see their children miss out on the fun activities of spring and summer because of sniffling, sneezing and a sore throat.  If these happen at the same time every year, your child may have seasonal allergies. If they battle these symptoms year round, they may have chronic allergies.

The good news is that physicians at Raleigh Capitol Ear, Nose and Throat have expertise in helping children overcome their seasonal or chronic allergies. Each child's allergy treatment is carefully tailored to fit their needs.

 

Children’s allergy symptoms

 If you’re all too familiar with sniffling, sneezing and a runny nose, then you’re already familiar with the classic indicators of allergies. If your child has seasonal or chronic allergies, he or she might have the following symptoms: 

  • Itchy nose 
  • Sore throat
  • Sneezing
  • Nasal congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Coughing
  • Watery or red eyes (allergic conjunctivitis)

If your child has shortness of breath and wheezing, he or she may have asthma. Allergies and asthma often occur together. Children who are prone to allergies have often had other allergic problems, such as dermatitis or food allergies. 

 

Other medical problems


There are several other medical problems that can accompany allergies, such as:

Chronic ear infections

While ear infections often accompany allergies, there may be other reasons for earaches, including fluid trapped behind the eardrum.

Sore throats

Post nasal drip leads to coughs and chronic sore throats.

Sleep disorders

Allergy problems can cause nasal congestion, which in turn can contribute to sleep apnea and snoring. The resulting fatigue not only makes your child sleepy during the day, but it also affects performance at school. 

Pediatric sinusitis

Persistent and recurring sinus infections are a sign that your child could be suffering from allergies. Your ear, nose and throat physician will be able to help you determine if this is allergy-related.

 

Four effective children's allergy treatments


Only your ENT can pinpoint the precise cause of your allergies. Following are three things you can do to help your child:

Allergy-proof your home 

While it may not completely solve your problem, the number one way to prevent allergies is to avoid the things that cause it. Some of the most common allergens include:

  • Dust and dust mites
  • Pollen
  • Pet dander
  • Mold
Simple steps can be taken to eliminate or greatly reduce your child’s exposure to the allergens. These include using dust mite-proof covers for your pillows and mattresses, using a HEPA-grade filter, and eliminating areas where mold breeds. Be sure to regularly bathe your pet, and if Fido likes to sleep at the foot of your child’s bed, maybe your pet needs another napping spot.

Medication

While over-the-counter medications may prove to be effective, sometimes your pediatric ENT may need to prescribe something. Be sure to keep an up-to-date list of your child’s medications and give your doctor thorough information about your child’s medical history.

Immunotherapy

Yes, children can receive immunotherapy. Even better, a type of treatment called sublingual immunotherapy doesn’t require “allergy shots.” The treatment is given by placing liquid under the tongue.

During immunotherapy, the body is gradually exposed to a diluted version of the allergen. This allows your child to build up a natural defense. 

Surgery

If your child’s symptoms are persistent, severe—and don’t respond to treatment—surgery may be an option. Your ENT can use an instrument called an endoscope for the procedure. Your doctor may need to open up the sinus pathways so they can drain. 

If the tonsils are enlarged or inflamed, a tonsillectomy may be in order. Your ENT may also suggest removing additional adenoid tissues. 

Talk to your child about allergies

If you’re looking for a great educational resource to talk to your kids about allergies, visit kidshealth.org, which has a wealth of information and activities.



Chronic allergies don’t just affect adults. Children frequently have sinus and ear infections, as well as other conditions related to allergies. By speaking with an ENT who specializes in treating children's allergies, you can find the most effective treatment for them.


Sources:

American Academy of Otolaryngology. “How Allergies Affect Your Child’s Ears, Nose and Throat.” 

Li, James T.C., “Allergies and Asthma: They Often Occur Together.” The Mayo Clinic. Online.

Nemours Kids Health. “About Seasonal Allergies.” Kidshealth.org. Online. 

Nemours Kids Health. “Allergies.” Kidshealth.org. Online.