If you or your child has chronic allergies, your nose may bleed frequently. While nosebleeds can be difficult to control and are often a nuisance, they are rarely life-threatening.  Those with allergies are very susceptible to nosebleeds.

Why?  To answer this question, it helps if you know how allergens affect the inside of your nose. An allergen is any substance—such as pollen or ragweed—that prompts an allergic reaction.

Why Do Allergies Cause Nosebleeds?

There are many tiny blood vessels in the nose, and these vessels can be easily damaged, which leads to nosebleeds. Even something as simple as air moving through the nose can contribute to the problem by irritating the nasal membranes, which in turn, can damage the tiny blood vessels. Allergens dry out your nose, which leads to irritation and nosebleeds.

In the winter, when the common cold and viruses are more prevalent, nosebleeds are common. Nosebleeds can occur in the nasal septum (the piece of tissue that separates your nose into two nasal passages) or farther back in the nasal cavity. Infections that are the result of allergies increase the likelihood of a nosebleed.

Nosebleeds are also caused by:

  • Acute or chronic sinusitis (which may result from untreated allergies)
  • A deviated septum
  • Overuse of nasal spray
  • The common cold
  • Trauma to the nose
  • Chemical irritants
  • A foreign object stuck in the nose

How Do I Stop a Nosebleed?

The most effective way is to take your thumb and finger and gently squeeze the softest portion of your nose. You should breathe through your mouth and squeeze for at least 10 minutes. Do not stop squeezing to see if the nosebleed has stopped, according to information from the Mayo Clinic .

The U.S. National Library of Medicine cautions against lying down with a nosebleed or blowing your nose. If there is persistent bleeding, consider using Afrin or another type of decongestant nasal spray. These sprays can sometimes seal off the small blood vessels that cause bleeding. While a cold compress may help, you should never pack gauze on the inside of your nose.

When Should I Go to the Doctor for a Nosebleed?

If the bleeding does not stop after 20 minutes, you should get immediate care. You should go to the emergency room if the bleeding happens after a head injury. If you’ve been hit in the nose and you suspect your nose is broken, you should see your doctor.

If you or your child has frequent nosebleeds, it’s important to address the underlying cause. Through allergy testing, we can determine what may be the reason behind children’s allergies.

You Don’t Have to Suffer Through Chronic Allergies

If you have had chronic nosebleeds, it’s important to schedule an appointment with one of our experienced otolaryngologists. While you can effectively stop a nosebleed, you must treat the underlying cause to keep it from happening repeatedly. If chronic allergies are the root of your problem, we have an extensive array of successful treatment plans. We’ll tailor one to fit your needs or those of your child.

We’ve helped people of all ages overcome the inconvenience and pain of chronic allergies. We offer extensive allergy testing by an allergy specialist ENT physician.  We also offer sublingual immunotherapy as an alternative to allergy shots, which is perfect for treating children’s allergies.

See why we’re the provider of choice as ENT physicians in Raleigh and the surrounding areas. Schedule an appointment today.

For Your Complete Guide to Allergy Treatment, see our following useful articles:

Fall Allergies: Fact or Fiction

A Step-by-Step Guide to Allergy Treatment 

If You Have Allergies, You Should Know These Four Facts 

Four Effective Treatments for Children’s Allergies 

Four Common Causes of a Stuffy Nose 


Raleigh Capitol Ear, Nose, and Throat is the area's premiere physician-owned ENT practice with six convenient locations throughout Wake County. Our board-certified physicians have extensive experience in treating both common and complex cases to help adults and children alike. For more information or to schedule an appointment, contact us.


The Mayo Clinic. “Nosebleeds: Causes.” Online.

U.S. National Library of Medicine. “Nosebleed.” Online.