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There are three main aspects of allergy treatment: environmental controls, pharmacotherapy and immunotherapy.

Environmental control involves decreasing your exposure to the offending allergens, and therefore reducing the total allergy load that contributes to the allergic reaction.

Pharmacotherapy involves treating allergies by managing the symptoms with prescription medications.

Immunotherapy involves desensitizing your body by administering diluted doses of the allergen. This may involve injections (“allergy shots”) or you may be a candidate for sublingual immunotherapy, which is administered underneath the tongue. Your physician will determine which course of treatment is right for you.