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Allergy treatment has three main aspects: environmental control, pharmacotherapy and immunotherapy.

Environmental control involves decreasing your exposure to the offending allergens, and therefore reducing the total allergy load that contributes to the allergic reaction.

Pharmacotherapy involves treating allergies by managing the symptoms with medications.

Immunotherapy involves desensitizing your body by administering diluted doses of the allergen. This may involve injections (“allergy shots”) or sublingual immunotherapy (“allergy drops”), which is administered underneath the tongue. Your physician will determine which course of treatment is right for you.